The unsatisfying semantic debate that few feel the need to have the correct vocabulary for, but many feel the need to have opinions on. If you are a philosopher of these things, you can move on. I have nothing to add for you. Me, I don’t know what “free will” is, but I know what it isn’t when I see it.
I had a long argument with a drunk gentleman over dinner the other night. He was arguing that free will does not exist. I was arguing that his statement “free will does not exist” has no empirical content. Naturally, we did not come to an accommodation. I think he took me for a fool in thrall to hopeless idealism about the human soul, and I took him for someone complaining about the consistency of 1st century metaphysics when scrutinized through a 17th century lense.
This kind of tedious dinner table maundering can be confused for debates about Monism/Dualism in poor lighting conditions.
the question isn’t actually asking what it thinks it’s asking… humans are rocks, which is why we have reason and free will.
Schopenhauer: Spinoza (Epist. 62) says that if a stone projected through the air had consciousness, it would imagine it was flying of its own will. I add merely that the stone would be right.
So, you know, nice quotes.
Check out the article for more, including Brandmayr’s analysis of how social scientific invocations of free-will vs. institutional constraint are themselves shaped by their positions in an antagonistic process. But mostly just check it out for the strange feeling of reading cultural anthropology and neuropsychology fight over whether seven scientists are culpable for the deaths of 306 earthquake victims.
Anyway, I don’t feel that any of these models cleave reality at the joints. Slightly more natural to my mind stuff like Scott Aaronson’s setup where he argues that while some freewilleteers concern themselves with determinism, a more useful notion might be predictability. I am sure there is more research in that domain somewhere. But I am not excited enough to pursue it.
Luke Muehlhauser maintains a terse list of links which I presume does for a good overview.
- Clark, Fully Caused: Coming to Terms with Determinism
- Yudkowsky, Free Will (Solution)
- Thagard, The Brain and the Meaning of Life
- Harris, Free Will
- Dennett, Freedom Evolves
- Flanagan, The Problem of the Soul: Two Visions Of Mind And How To Reconcile Them
- Drescher, Good and Real
- Barbara H. Fried, in Beyond Blame analyses free will in terms of how it is used to justify punishment.