Embodiment

It’s easier to teach a robot to walk if it has legs.


I think the leg thing is uncontroversial; Whether the abstractions used in our more obscure cognitive processes are constrained in a comprehensible way by the kind of experiences our bodies give us is… complicated. For an interesting (but infuriatingly overbearing) attempt to work this through, see LaJo99_. For a less ambitious one see Clar87_; although I don’t think think he ultimately says anything that would surprise a control system engineer.

Arbib, Michael. 2002. “The Mirror System, Imitation, and the Evolution of Language.” In Imitation in Animals and Artifacts, edited by Chrystopher Nehaniv and Kerstin Dautenhahn. MIT Press.

Barrett, Louise, and Peter Henzi. 2005. “The Social Nature of Primate Cognition.” Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences 272: 1865–75.

Berti, Anna, and Francesca Frassinetti. 2000. “When Far Becomes Near: Remapping of Space by Tool Use.” Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience 12 (3): 415–20. https://doi.org/10.1162/089892900562237.

Bolhuis, Johan J., Ian Tattersall, Noam Chomsky, and Robert C. Berwick. 2014. “How Could Language Have Evolved?” PLoS Biol 12 (8): e1001934. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pbio.1001934.

Borondo, J., F. Borondo, C. Rodriguez-Sickert, and C. A. Hidalgo. 2014. “To Each According to Its Degree: The Meritocracy and Topocracy of Embedded Markets.” Scientific Reports 4 (January). https://doi.org/10.1038/srep03784.

Bustos, Sebastián, Charles Gomez, Ricardo Hausmann, and César A. Hidalgo. 2012. “The Dynamics of Nestedness Predicts the Evolution of Industrial Ecosystems.” PLoS One 7 (11): e49393. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0049393.

Christiansen, Morten H, and Nick Chater. 2008. “Language as Shaped by the Brain.” Behavioral and Brain Sciences 31: 489–509. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0140525X08004998.

Clark, Andy. 1998. Being There: Putting Brain, Body, and World Together Again. The MIT Press.

Elman, Jeffrey L. 1990. “Finding Structure in Time.” Cognitive Science 14: 179–211. https://doi.org/10.1016/0364-0213(90)90002-E.

Gershenson, Carlos. 2007. Design and Control of Self-Organizing Systems. Vrije Universiteit Brussel. http://scifunam.fisica.unam.mx/mir/copit/TS0002EN/TS0002EN.html.

Haken, Hermann, J A Scott Kelso, and Bunz. 1985. “A Theoretical Model of Phase Transitions in Human Hand Movements.” Biological Cybernetics 51 (5): 347–56. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00336922.

Hidalgo, C. A., B. Klinger, A.-L. Barabási, and R. Hausmann. 2007. “The Product Space Conditions the Development of Nations.” Science 317 (5837): 482–87. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1144581.

Hidalgo, César A., and Ricardo Hausmann. 2009. “The Building Blocks of Economic Complexity.” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 106 (26): 10570–5. https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.0900943106.

Kelso, J A Scott. 1995. Dynamic Patterns: The Self-Organization of Brain and Behavior (Complex Adaptive Systems). The MIT Press.

Mcclelland, James L, Matthew M Botvinick, David C Noelle, David C Plaut, Timothy T Rogers, Mark S Seidenberg, and Linda B Smith. 2010. “Letting Structure Emerge: Connectionist and Dynamical Systems Approaches to Cognition.” Trends in Cognitive Sciences 14 (8): 348–56. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tics.2010.06.002.

Rizzolatti, Giacomo, and Laila Craighero. 2004. “The Mirror-Neuron System.” Annual Review of Neuroscience 27: 169–92. https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev.neuro.27.070203.144230.

Semjen, Andras, Dirk Vorberg, and Hans-Henning Schulze. 1998. “Getting Synchronized with the Metronome: Comparisons Between Phase and Period Correction.” Psychological Research 61 (1): 44–55. https://doi.org/10.1007/s004260050012.

Zahedi, Keyan, Nihat Ay, and Ralf Der. 2010. “Higher Coordination with Less Control: A Result of Information Maximization in the Sensorimotor Loop.” Adaptive Behavior 18 (3-4): 338–55. https://doi.org/10.1177/1059712310375314.