Autism/allism spectrum

An interesting axis in the social brain space.

Gender diversity in autism-spectrum people


Dattaro (2020); Strang et al. (2018); Walsh et al. (2018); Warrier et al. (2020)


See also diversity in teams.

Crompton et al. (2020):

The Double Empathy theory would suggest that communication difficulties arise from a mismatch in neurotype; and thus information transfer between autistic people may be more successful than information transfer between an autistic and a non-autistic person. … These results challenge the diagnostic criterion that autistic people lack the skills to interact successfully. Rather, autistic people effectively share information with each other. Information transfer selectively degrades more quickly in mixed pairs, in parallel with a reduction in rapport.


Basso, Julia C., Medha K. Satyal, and Rachel Rugh. 2021. β€œDance on the Brain: Enhancing Intra- and Inter-Brain Synchrony.” Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 14: 586.
Berent, Iris, Rachel M. Theodore, and Erick Valencia. 2022. β€œAutism Attenuates the Perception of the Mind-Body Divide.” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 119 (49): e2211628119.
Crompton, Catherine J, Danielle Ropar, Claire VM Evans-Williams, Emma G Flynn, and Sue Fletcher-Watson. 2020. β€œAutistic Peer-to-Peer Information Transfer Is Highly Effective.” Autism 24 (7): 1704–12.
Dattaro, Laura. 2020. β€œGender and Sexuality in Autism, Explained.” Spectrum.
Liu, Ka-Yuet, Marissa King, and Peter S. Bearman. 2010. β€œSocial Influence and the Autism Epidemic.” American Journal of Sociology 115 (5): 1387.
Strang, John F., Aron Janssen, Amy Tishelman, Scott F. Leibowitz, Lauren Kenworthy, Jenifer K. McGuire, Laura Edwards-Leeper, et al. 2018. β€œRevisiting the Link: Evidence of the Rates of Autism in Studies of Gender Diverse Individuals.” Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry 57 (11): 885–87.
Valencia, Katherine, Cristian Rusu, Daniela QuiΓ±ones, and Erick Jamet. 2019. β€œThe Impact of Technology on People with Autism Spectrum Disorder: A Systematic Literature Review.” Sensors (Basel, Switzerland) 19 (20): 4485.
Walsh, Reubs J., Lydia Krabbendam, Jeroen Dewinter, and Sander Begeer. 2018. β€œBrief Report: Gender Identity Differences in Autistic Adults: Associations with Perceptual and Socio-cognitive Profiles.” Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 48 (12): 4070–78.
Warrier, Varun, David M. Greenberg, Elizabeth Weir, Clara Buckingham, Paula Smith, Meng-Chuan Lai, Carrie Allison, and Simon Baron-Cohen. 2020. β€œElevated Rates of Autism, Other Neurodevelopmental and Psychiatric Diagnoses, and Autistic Traits in Transgender and Gender-Diverse Individuals.” Nature Communications 11 (1): 3959.

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