Permanental point processes

Placeholder notes for a type of point process, with which I am unfamiliar, but about which I am incidentally curious.

This is, AFAICT, a point process whose intensity is a squared Gaussian process. The term permanental is because the matrix permanent arises somewhere in the model of this process although I know not where. (Walder and Bishop 2017) From some incidental comments at a seminar I presumed the permanental process was actually a Gibbs point process (i.e. determined by interactions between points not a latent process) like its determinantal cousin and I am surprised to find otherwise.


Ben Hough, J., Manjunath Krishnapur, Yuval Peres, and Bálint Virág. 2006. Determinantal Processes and Independence.” Probability Surveys 3 (0): 206–29.
Eisenbaum, Nathalie, and Haya Kaspi. 2009. On Permanental Processes.” Stochastic Processes and Their Applications 119 (5): 1401–15.
Lavancier, Frédéric, Jesper Møller, and Ege Rubak. 2015. Determinantal Point Process Models and Statistical Inference.” Journal of the Royal Statistical Society: Series B (Statistical Methodology) 77 (4): 853–77.
McCullagh, Peter, and Jesper Møller. 2006. The Permanental Process.” Advances in Applied Probability 38 (4): 873–88.
Møller, Jesper, and Rasmus Waagepetersen. 2017. Some Recent Developments in Statistics for Spatial Point Patterns.” Annual Review of Statistics and Its Application 4 (1): 317–42.
Walder, Christian J., and Adrian N. Bishop. 2017. Fast Bayesian Intensity Estimation for the Permanental Process.” In International Conference on Machine Learning, 3579–88.

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