Science, history and philosophy thereof

I do not myself have a much to say about the philosophy of science as such. I read a lot of Lakatos that one time.

Mostly I am interested in a kind of qualitative mechanism design musing as it pertains to designing better peer-review.

What is science?

Not really in that vein, check out amusing curmudgeon: DC Stove, Popper and after: Four modern irrationalists.

Question: does science advance one funeral at a time?.

Star Scientist Funeral


Ackerman, Frank, Stephen J DeCanio, Richard Howarth, and Kristen Sheeran. 2009. “Limitations of Integrated Assessment Models of Climate Change.” Climatic Change 95: 297–315.
Agassi, Joseph. 1974. “The Logic of Scientific Inquiry.” Synthese 26: 498–514.
Alon, Uri. 2009. “How to Choose a Good Scientific Problem.” Molecular Cell 35 (6): 726–28.
Arbesman, Samuel, and Nicholas A Christakis. 2011. “Eurekometrics: Analyzing the Nature of Discovery.” PLoS Comput Biol 7 (6): –1002072.
Azoulay, Pierre, Christian Fons-Rosen, and Joshua S. Graff Zivin. 2015. “Does Science Advance One Funeral at a Time?” Working Paper 21788. National Bureau of Economic Research.
Baez, John C, and Mike Stay. 2009. “Physics, Topology, Logic and Computation: A Rosetta Stone.”
Baldwin, Melinda. 2018. “Scientific Autonomy, Public Accountability, and the Rise of Peer Review in the Cold War United States.” Isis 109 (3): 538–58.
Blaug, Mark. 1992. The Methodology of Economics : Or, How Economists Explain. Cambridge Surveys of Economic Literature. Cambridge University Press.
Budd, Aidan, Holger Dinkel, Manuel Corpas, Jonathan C. Fuller, Laura Rubinat, Damien P. Devos, Pierre H. Khoueiry, et al. 2015. “Ten Simple Rules for Organizing an Unconference.” PLoS Computational Biology 11 (1).
Cartwright, Nancy. 1997. “Models: The Blueprints for Laws.” Philosophy of Science 64: -292-303.
Chaitin, Gregory J. 2002. “The Intelligibility of the Universe and the Notions of Simplicity, Complexity and Irreducibility.”
Cross, Rod. 1982. “The Duhem-Quine Thesis, Lakatos and the Appraisal of Theories in Macroeconomics.” The Economic Journal 92: 320–40.
Delfanti, Alessandro. 2020. “The Financial Market of Ideas: A Theory of Academic Social Media.” Social Studies of Science, October, 0306312720966649.
Funtowicz, Silvio O, and Jerome R Ravetz. 1994. “The Worth of a Songbird: Ecological Economics as a Post-Normal Science.” Ecological Economics 10: 197–207.
Gelman, Andrew. 2011. “Experimental Reasoning in Social Science.” In Field Experiments and Their Critics.
Greenberg, Steven A. 2009. “How Citation Distortions Create Unfounded Authority: Analysis of a Citation Network.” BMJ 339 (July): b2680.
Healy, Kieran. 2015. “The Performativity of Networks.” European Journal of Sociology 56 (02): 175–205.
Hodges, James S. 2019. “Statistical Methods Research Done as Science Rather Than Mathematics.” May 20, 2019.
Hogarth, Robin M, and Melvin W Reder. 1987. Rational Choice: The Contrast Between Economics and Psychology. Univ of Chicago Pr (Tx).
Hutchins, Edwin. 1996. Cognition in the Wild. The MIT Press.
Ioannidis, John P. 2005. “Why Most Published Research Findings Are False.” PLoS Medicine 2 (8): –124.
Jaynes, Edwin Thompson. 1963. “Information Theory and Statistical Mechanics.” In Statistical Physics. Vol. 3. Brandeis University Summer Institute Lectures in Theoretical Physics.
Jeppesen, Lars Bo, and Karim R. Lakhani. 2010. “Marginality and Problem-Solving Effectiveness in Broadcast Search.” Organization Science 21 (5): 1016–33.
Kerkhoff, Lorrae van. 1996. “Through the Looking Glass: The Role and Analysis of Metaphorical Language in Interdisciplinary Science.”
Kirman, Alan. 1992. “Whom or What Does the Representative Individual Represent?” The Journal of Economic Perspectives 6 (2): -117-136.
———. 2010. “Learning in Agent Based Models.”
Lakatos, Imre. 1980. The Methodology of Scientific Research Programmes: Volume 1 : Philosophical Papers. Cambridge University Press.
Lakoff, George, and Mark Johnson. 1980. Metaphors We Live By. University Of Chicago Press.
Lo, Andrew W, and Mark T Mueller. 2010. WARNING: Physics Envy May Be Hazardous To Your Wealth!”
Medawar, Peter B. 1969. Induction and Intuition in Scientific Thought. American Philosophical Society Philadelphia.
———. 1982. Pluto’s Republic. Oxford University Press.
———. 1984. The Limits of Science. Harper & Row.
Merali, Zeeya. 2010. “Computational Science: Error.” Nature 467: 775–77.
Midgley, Gerald. 2001. Systemic Intervention - Philosophy, Methodology and Practice (Contemporary Systems Thinking) (Contemporary Systems Thinking). Springer.
Navarro, Danielle J. 2019. “Between the Devil and the Deep Blue Sea: Tensions Between Scientific Judgement and Statistical Model Selection.” Computational Brain & Behavior 2 (1): 28–34.
Palmer, Victor. 2006. “Deception and Convergence of Opinions Part 2: The Effects of Reproducibility.” Journal of Artificial Societies and Social Simulation 9.
Ridley, J, N Kolm, R P Freckelton, and M J G Gage. 2007. “An Unexpected Influence of Widely Used Significance Thresholds on the Distribution of Reported P-Values.” Journal of Evolutionary Biology 20: 1082–89.
Robbins, Lionel. 1932. An Essay on the Nature and Significance of Economic Science. Macmillan.
Rzhetsky, Andrey, Jacob G. Foster, Ian T. Foster, and James A. Evans. 2015. “Choosing Experiments to Accelerate Collective Discovery.” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 112 (47): 14569–74.
Sen, Amartya K. 1977. “Rational Fools: A Critique of the Behavioral Foundations of Economic Theory.” Philosophy and Public Affairs 6: 317–44.
Sethna, James P. 2006. Statistical Mechanics: Entropy, Order Parameters, and Complexity. Oxford University Press, USA.
Spranzi, Marta. 2004. “Galileo and the Mountains of the Moon: Analogical Reasoning, Models and Metaphors in Scientific Discovery.” Journal of Cognition and Culture 4 (3): 451–83.
Stearns, Stephen C. 1987. “Some Modest Advice for Graduate Students.” Bulletin of the Ecological Society of America 68 (2): 145–50.
Stove, David Charles. 1982. Popper and After: Four Modern Irrationalists. Pergamon.
Suppes, Patrick. 2002. Representation and Invariance of Scientific Structures. CSLI Publications.
Thagard, Paul. 1993. “Societies of Minds: Science as Distributed Computing.” Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 24: 49.
———. 1994. “Mind, Society, and the Growth of Knowledge.” Philosophy of Science 61.
———. 1997. “Collaborative Knowledge.” Noûs 31 (2): 242–61.
———. 2005. “How to Be a Successful Scientist.” Scientific and Technological Thinking, 159–71.
———. 2007. “Coherence, Truth, and the Development of Scientific Knowledge.” Philosophy of Science 74: 28–47.
Thagard, Paul, and Abninder Litt. 2008. “Models of Scientific Explanation.” In The Cambridge Handbook of Computational Psychology. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Thagard, Paul, and Jing Zhu. 2003. “Acupuncture, Incommensurability, and Conceptual Change.” Intentional Conceptual Change, 79–102.
Thurner, Stefan, and Rudolf Hanel. 2010. “Peer-Review in a World with Rational Scientists: Toward Selection of the Average.”
Vanberg, Viktor J. 2004. “The Rationality Postulate in Economics: Its Ambiguity, Its Deficiency and Its Evolutionary Alternative.” Journal of Economic Methodology 11: 171–29.
Vazire, Simine. 2017. “Our Obsession with Eminence Warps Research.” Nature News 547 (7661): 7.
Wible, James R. 1998. Economics of Science. Routledge.
Wilson, Edward O. 1998. Consilience: The Unity of Knowledge. Alfred A. Knopf.
Wolpert, David H. 2008. “Physical Limits of Inference.” Physica D: Nonlinear Phenomena, Novel Computing Paradigms: Quo Vadis?, 237 (9): 1257–81.
———. 2018. “Theories of Knowledge and Theories of Everything.” In The Map and the Territory: Exploring the Foundations of Science, Thought and Reality, 165. The Frontiers Collection. Cham: Springer.
Yarkoni, Tal. 2019. “The Generalizability Crisis.” Preprint. PsyArXiv.
Zimmer, Carl. 2020. “How You Should Read Coronavirus Studies, or Any Science Paper.” The New York Times: Science, June 1, 2020.

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