Placeholder for my notes on probabilistic graphical models. In general graphical models are a particular type of way of handling multivariate data based on working out what is conditionally independent of what else.
Thematically, this is scattered across graphical models in inference, learning graphs from data, learning causation from data plus graphs, quantum graphical models because it all looks a bit different with noncommutative probability.
See also diagramming graphical models.
Graphs of conditional, directed independence are a convenient formalism for many models. These are also called Bayes nets (not to be confused with Bayesian inference.)
Undirected, a.k.a. Markov graphs
a.k.a Markov random fields, Markov random networks. (other types?)
A unifying formalism for the directed and undirected graphical models. I have not really used these. See factor graphs.
Pedagogically useful, although probably not industrial-grade, David Barber’s discrete graphical model code (Julia) can do queries over graphical models.
Barber, David. 2012. Bayesian Reasoning and Machine Learning. Cambridge ; New York: Cambridge University Press. http://www.cs.ucl.ac.uk/staff/d.barber/brml/.
Bishop, Christopher M. 2006. Pattern Recognition and Machine Learning. Information Science and Statistics. New York: Springer.
Charniak, Eugene. 1991. “Bayesian Networks Without Tears.” AI Magazine 12 (4): 50.
Dawid, A. Philip. 1979. “Conditional Independence in Statistical Theory.” Journal of the Royal Statistical Society. Series B (Methodological) 41 (1): 1–31. http://people.csail.mit.edu/tdanford/discovering-causal-graphs-papers/dawid-79.pdf.
———. 1980. “Conditional Independence for Statistical Operations.” The Annals of Statistics 8 (3): 598–617. https://doi.org/10.1214/aos/1176345011.
Jordan, Michael Irwin. 1999. Learning in Graphical Models. Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press.
Koller, Daphne, and Nir Friedman. 2009. Probabilistic Graphical Models : Principles and Techniques. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
Lauritzen, Steffen L. 1996. Graphical Models. Clarendon Press.
Montanari, Andrea. 2011. “Lecture Notes for Stat 375 Inference in Graphical Models.” http://www.stanford.edu/~montanar/TEACHING/Stat375/handouts/notes_stat375_1.pdf.
Murphy, Kevin P. 2012. Machine Learning: A Probabilistic Perspective. 1 edition. Adaptive Computation and Machine Learning Series. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
Pearl, Judea. 2008. Probabilistic Reasoning in Intelligent Systems: Networks of Plausible Inference. Rev. 2. print., 12. [Dr.]. The Morgan Kaufmann Series in Representation and Reasoning. San Francisco, Calif: Kaufmann.
———. 2009. Causality: Models, Reasoning and Inference. Cambridge University Press.
Pearl, Judea, Dan Geiger, and Thomas Verma. 1989. “Conditional Independence and Its Representations.” Kybernetika 25 (7): 33–44. http://dml.cz/bitstream/handle/10338.dmlcz/125413/Kybernetika_25-1989-7_6.pdf.