Real estate economics

Passive-aggressive income

January 24, 2022 — August 6, 2023

incentive mechanisms
making things
the rather superior sort of city
Figure 1

After much investigating housing markets in Australia, I wrote a post, the property market is pollution, to summarise my feeling about the real estate trap.

I have convinced myself that the real estate market as it is, is a huge problem. I believe that by incentivising people to invest their effort in owning land and then cahrging for its use, we are slowing everything else down. Just when the world needs dynamism and innovation we are making it harder to start new things, by driving up the costs of living, by reducing the access to space. The resemblance of this system to feudalism is troubling.

Ongoing notes in the theme of real estate over-investment considered harmful, a.k.a. Boomer bitcoin.

Figure 2

1 General

2 Georgism

In 1879, George published a book titled Progress and Poverty, in which he built on the work of earlier liberals to argue that the Earth and its natural resources belong to mankind in common. Simply put, George believed that people own what they create with their labor. Because no-one created the land, the land belongs to everyone in common. But the absolute necessity of land for human life, both to live and to work, allows landowners to extract immense amounts of wealth from workers and business owners by charging for access. This activity incentivizes speculation, prices people out of their homes, makes it more difficult to operate a business, and creates decaying cities and urban sprawl. When land is monopolized in this way, the rents it produces enrich the landowners at the expense of society and cause seemingly intractable poverty.

3 NIMBYism

4 Not owning land considered OK

  • In How I save money Sam Bowman argues against buying houses for reasons I mostly agree with, except that I do not think he sufficiently accounts for downside risk of being a landless peasant in a landed gentry society. If you intend to remain in, e.g. Australia, the landless scenario is worth considering.
  • George on Housing Hubris

5 Australian context

One of the fascinating features of land economics in Australia is that the population is believed to overwhelmingly support the status quo, despite the fact that it is not working for most of us, AFAICT. $8000m housing tax dumped by state government

6 Climate context

7 Incoming

Figure 3: You cannot take it with you, turns out
  • Construction Physics’s Brian Potter on Real Estate, Property Rights, and Negotiation

    Our normal intuitions about property are that when we buy something, we own it, and can more or less do anything we want with it. If I buy a table, I can put it in my dining room, put it in my garage, chop it into firewood, etc. But this obviously isn’t the case with real estate - if I buy a piece of land, especially one that’s anywhere near an urban area, there are a huge number of restrictions on what I’m allowed to build on it.

  • Serfing the Future? is a pro-suburbs, pro-remote-work take on housing ownership in face of rising prices. There are some good ideas in there, but they are not for me personally since I find suburbs tedious.

  • Oddball alternative model: Charter Houses

  • Inside Burj Al Babas, The Abandoned $200 Million Turkish Ghost Town

  • Jan Turowski on Schrebergärten.

  • How gentrification benefits long-time residents of low income neighborhoods

  • Particular Virtue: What’s Wrong With The Land Value Tax? (incentives of the land-owning elites are to destroy it)

  • Ryan Geddie, Essay Contest Winner: A Common Heritage

  • Coby Lefkowitz, Why Every Main Street Looks The Same

  • Coby Lefkowitz, A Call To Build A Better World

  • The Housing Crisis Is Breaking People’s Brains

  • American cities are 70 percent suburban by area. What can architects do about it?

    After gentrification, those who are pushed out of older, traditional neighborhoods cannot afford to move to other urban areas. Instead, they seek affordability beyond the urban frontier in suburban zones. Gentrification is not pushing displaced individuals out into older, dilapidated urban areas where they can reclaim their public status as a coherent constituency. They are instead being pushed out into suburban oblivion. In the suburbs today, there is no public world for those disenfranchised by gentrification to reinhabit, notwithstanding the advent of virtual spaces. While those who enjoy the fruits of gentrification thrive, those who find themselves on the wrong side of the massive neoliberal income gap are pushed out into an isolated environment for which the brutal anonymity of the online world is no match.

    Urban alternatives existed for previous generations, but that is no longer the case today. There are no urban alternatives. There are only the suburbs, whose deficiencies go far beyond a lack of a public existence. Today’s victims of gentrification are pushed into a totally privatized world defined by cultural, political, and economic exclusion. They occupy neighborhoods in which the closest thing to urbanism is a rundown strip center or a franchised service road off an interurban freeway. They enter the disempowering isolation of a privatized world. In the absence of mixed-use pedestrian streets or any other shared terrain, what remains of shared public spaces amounts to little more than unkempt parks, half-used parking lots, or empty athletic stadiums. In coming decades, as the proportion of suburban development reaches 80 and 90 percent in many metropolitan regions, it is the suburb, not the traditional city, that will most desperately require urban reform.

    viaThe Pavilion of Dreams - by Drew Austin, who adds

    Making real estate more valuable is increasingly a central function of cities, and more so the larger and more globally connected the city is. From this perspective, urban housing shortages are a feature, not a bug, and building more housing (for affluent tenants) is merely a way to provide investors and speculators with more material, rather than a way to ultimately accommodate everyone who wants to live in a given city.

Figure 4
Figure 5

8 References

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