Placeholder for various models of how to get along as a diverse society, without falling into acrimony.

I think of this as different than community norms. Hanging out with my tribe is easier; we can generally work out what is fun for us. Working out how to operate in a larger society with everyone being recognisably different is always going to be harder, and it will often feel wrong. But it is necessary; the alternatives seem to be conflict or tyranny.

Pluralistic projects


A popular Marxist/labour movement framing; I have not seen much of it recently. TBD.

Norms that tolerate diversity

Musa al-Gharbi in the essay Who gets to define what is racist? mentions some recent research in cultivating equity in norms:

[…] training on ‘multiculturalism’ seems to reinforce race-essentialism among those who go through it; teaching whites about racial privilege seems to do little to change attitudes or behaviors towards African Americans—it merely increases resentment(Wilton, Apfelbaum, and Good 2019) against lower-SES whites. Metanalysis after metanalysis fails to find strong empirical links between “implicitly racist” attitudes and actual racist behaviors “in the world” (Jerolmack and Khan 2014). It seems as though the primary effect of such training, among those who go through it, is higher levels of racial resentment. Yet entire industries have cropped up to help people understand and fight their implicit racial biases.

Perhaps, e.g. Marisa Abrajano would be good to consult on the various hispanic communities in the US and these dynamics. I would prefer some references about Australia though. It is very easy to imagine first-generation immigrants having different notions of racial justice than their children in any given country.

Connects to various modern flashpoints such as microinequities.


TBD; I am curious about the interaction between WEIRD (i.e. western-lineage) societies and pluralism; What types of interactions are fostered within, or without, WEIRD cultures?


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