Science, sociology and institution design for

Scientist, research thyself

Upon the thing that academic publishing is supposed to do: further science. Reputation system and other mechanisms for trust in science, a.k.a. collective knowledge for reality itself.

I would like to consider the system of peer review, networking, conferencing, publishing and acclaim and see how closely it approximates an ideal system for uncovering truth, and further, imagine how we could do better. But I do not do that right now, I just collect some provocative links to that theme, in hope of time for more thought later.

Star Scientist Funeral

Does Science advance one funeral at a time?

Andrew Marzoni, Academia is a cult.

  • Here’s a thing I would like to be said a little better, but think is important An Adversarial Review of “Adversarial Generation of Natural Language”: The argument is that even though it’s nice that arxiv avoids some of the problems of traditional publishing, it has some of the problems that traditional publishing tries to avoid. This was foreseeable.

  • Cameron Neylon runs a cottage industry producing pragmatic publishing critique from an institutional economics perspective:

    e.g. The Marginal Costs of Article Publishing or A Journal is a Club:

    we’d been talking about communities, cultures, economics, “public-making” but it was the word ‘club’ and its associated concepts, both pejorative and positive that crystalised everything. We were talking about the clubbishness of making knowledge – the term “Knowledge Clubs” emerged quickly – but also the benefits that such a club might gain in choosing to invest in wider sharing.

    Working paper: Potts et al. (2016) Alternatively, see Afonso (2013), “How Academia resembles a drug gang”.

    How to Get Something Out of Neoliberal Critique Without (Immediately) Overthrowing the Capitalist System:

    In the business setting this often leads incumbent publishers to a kind of spluttering defense of the value they create, while simultaneously complaining that the customer doesn’t appreciate their work. Flip the target slightly and we’d call this “missing the new market opportunity” or “failing to express the value offering clearly”. […]

    Lingua, […] has gone from one of the most important journals in analytical linguistics to no longer being in the field, and seems well on its way to becoming irrelevant. How does a company as competent in its business strategy as Elsevier let this happen? I would argue, as I did at the time that the former editorial board of Lingua resigned to form Glossa that it was a failure to understand the assets.

    The neoliberal analysis of Lingua showed an asset generating good revenues, with good analytics and a positive ROI. The capitalist analysis focussed on the fixed assets and trademarks. But it turns out these weren’t what was creating value. What was creating value was the community, built around an editorial board and the good will associated with that.

    Also, see Pushing costs downstream.`

Adam Becker on on the assumptions and pathologies revealed by Wolfram’s latest branding and poisitioning

So why did Wolfram announce his ideas this way? Why not go the traditional route? “I don't really believe in anonymous peer review,” he says. “I think it’s corrupt. It’s all a giant story of somewhat corrupt gaming, I would say. I think it’s sort of inevitable that happens with these very large systems. It’s a pity.”

So what are Wolfram’s goals? He says he wants the attention and feedback of the physics community. But his unconventional approach—soliciting public comments on an exceedingly long paper—almost ensures it shall remain obscure. Wolfram says he wants physicists’ respect. The ones consulted for this story said gaining it would require him to recognize and engage with the prior work of others in the scientific community.

And when provided with some of the responses from other physicists regarding his work, Wolfram is singularly unenthused. “I’m disappointed by the naivete of the questions that you’re communicating,” he grumbles. “I deserve better.”

Here is an interesting edge case in peer review and scientific reputation. Adam Becker, Junk Science or the Real Thing? ‘Inference’ Publishes Both. As far as I'm concerned, publishing crap in itself is not a catastrophic. A process that fails to discourage crap would be bad.

Afonso, Alexandre. 2013. “How Academia Resembles a Drug Gang.” Impact of Social Sciences. December 11, 2013.

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Alon, Uri. 2009. “How to Choose a Good Scientific Problem.” Molecular Cell 35 (6): 726–28.

Arbesman, Samuel, and Nicholas A Christakis. 2011. “Eurekometrics: Analyzing the Nature of Discovery.” PLoS Comput Biol 7 (6): –1002072.

Arbilly, Michal, and Kevin N. Laland. 2017. “The Magnitude of Innovation and Its Evolution in Social Animals.” Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences 284 (1848).

Azoulay, Pierre, Christian Fons-Rosen, and Joshua S. Graff Zivin. 2015. “Does Science Advance One Funeral at a Time?” Working Paper 21788. National Bureau of Economic Research.

Björk, Bo-Christer, and David Solomon. 2013. “The Publishing Delay in Scholarly Peer-Reviewed Journals.” Journal of Informetrics 7 (4): 914–23.

Bogich, Tiffany L, Sebastien Balleseteros, Robin Berjon, Chris Callahan, and Leon Chen. n.d. “On the Marginal Cost of Scholarly Communication.”

Gelman, Andrew. 2011. “Experimental Reasoning in Social Science.” In Field Experiments and Their Critics.

Gharbi, Musa al-. 2020. “Race and the Race for the White House: On Social Research in the Age of Trump.” Preprint. SocArXiv.

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Jiménez, Ángel V., and Alex Mesoudi. 2019. “Prestige-Biased Social Learning: Current Evidence and Outstanding Questions.” Palgrave Communications 5 (1): 1–12.

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Potts, Jason, John Hartley, Lucy Montgomery, Cameron Neylon, and Ellie Rennie. 2016. “A Journal Is a Club: A New Economic Model for Scholarly Publishing.” SSRN Scholarly Paper ID 2763975. Rochester, NY: Social Science Research Network.

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